About us

Resource Recovery UK (RRUK) is the leading alliance for UK energy from waste (EfW) operators, with our members – Cory, Encyclis, enfinium, and Viridor – representing the majority of the sector.  

Our purpose is to promote the essential role of EfW in the UK's circular economy and its contribution to a sustainable, decarbonised future for communities across the UK. 

Through advocacy, education, and collaboration, RRUK strives to highlight EfW as strategically important national infrastructure that maximises resource efficiency and as contributing positively to policy development.

Through our collective expertise and insight, we aim to play a key role in the national conversation around sustainable waste management and the part EfW plays in achieving a zero-carbon future.

What is EfW?

What is Energy from Waste?

Energy from waste (EfW) is a method of generating energy from non-recyclable waste that would otherwise be sent to landfill or exported abroad.

By utilising modern technologies, EfW plants generate electricity and heat from waste, reducing our reliance on landfill or foreign waste exports and supporting the UK’s circular economy.

At RRUK, we promote and support the role of the EfW sector in the wider waste hierarchy, working to ensure its benefits are fully realised for the UK economy and the environment. 


The Environmental services Association (ESA) is the trade body representing the UK's broader resource and waste management industry. Working to transform waste and resource management in the UK, the ESA helps enable its members to turn the UK’s waste into valuable resources whilst protecting the environment. 

Visit the ESA's website to find out more

Our member case studies

Cory's carbon capture storage (CCS) project


Cory's carbon capture storage (CCS) project

Cory intends to apply CCS technology to the UK’s largest single-site EfW operation, with the potential to create the world’s largest single-site EfW decarbonisation project.

The project will involve the installation of technology to capture c.90% of the emissions from Cory’s existing EfW facility, and its new, adjacent EfW facility which is expected to be operational by 2026.

Cory’s location on the banks of the River Thames means that captured CO2 can be transported for undersea storage via ship – this offers a non-pipeline transport option as specified in the Government’s recent update to the CCUS cluster sequencing.

By 2030, the project could capture c.1.3 million tonnes of CO2 per annum – providing a significant contribution to reducing the carbon emissions of the several million people Cory serves in London and the South East. 

Encyclis’ partnership with Biffa to produce recycled aggregate


Encyclis’ partnership with Biffa to produce recycled aggregate

The Newhurst Energy Recovery Facility in Leicestershire is a state-of-the-art facility receiving up to 350,000 tonnes of residual waste every year, generating an estimated 42 megawatts of electricity in the process – enough to power 80,000 homes.  

The developers of the facility, Encyclis and Biffa, have partnered with global carbon capture specialist O.C.O Technology, to apply its Accelerated Carbonation Technology (ACT) to recycle Air Pollution Control residues (ACPr) produced by the waste treatment process. 

The ACT process transforms the residues into an artificial aggregate – known as Manufactured LimeStone (M-LS). With more CO2 permanently captured than used in the manufacturing process, M-LS has been recognised as the world’s first carbon negative aggregate.  

As a result, the Newhurst ERF enables production of highly sought-after carbon negative aggregate, which is used in the manufacture of concrete blocks. 

Enfinium and DS Smith heat offtake partnership


Enfinium and DS Smith heat offtake partnership

DS Smith is a leading global provider of sustainable packaging solutions, paper products and recycling services.

Since July 2020, enfinium’s Kemsley facility has provided steam generation at the DS Smith Kemsley Mill, the largest UK mill for recycled paper. This has reduced the mill’s reliance on fossil fuel and supported the company’s renewable energy requirements.

Between 2021 and 2022, the partnership resulted in an increase of over 92,000 MWh heat exports, and an increase of over 26,000 tCO2e in emissions savings.  

The two companies share an ambition to reuse resources wherever possible. Enabling enfinium’s waste thermal energy to power DS Smith’s operations has been welcomed as a synergistic opportunity by both businesses.

Viridor's Runcorn CCS Project


Viridor's Runcorn CCS Project

Viridor is actively developing plans for a carbon capture plant at its Runcorn facility. Runcorn is one of the largest energy recovery facilities in the UK, permitted to treat over a million tonnes of the North West’s waste a year.

In March 2023 the UK Government shortlisted the Runcorn CCS Project for the final stage in the Government’s industrial carbon capture (ICC) sequencing process. The proposed £0.5bn investment will capture c.900,000 tonnes of CO2 each year.

Developing CCS at Runcorn will kick start a world leading carbon capture industry in the UK.

The project will provide stable baseload supply to the HyNet industrial carbon capture cluster in the North West and create net additional impact to the UK economy of 1,300 person-years of employment in design and construction, and c. 60 high permanent jobs in operation and maintenance.

Carbon capture and storage is the foundation of Viridor’s decarbonisation ambition to achieving net zero emissions by 2040, and to be the first net negative emissions waste and recycling company in the UK by 2045.